The Art and Science of Searching for Information on the Internet searches from over 3 billion documents on the Internet.  Obviously, the use of search engines has replaced many of the traditional ways we seek information.  The purpose of this web page is to examine the various characteristics and types of Internet search tools, explore various ways to increase search productivity, address the issues associated with Internet searching, and construct a list of Internet searching tips and guidelines for their students. 


Your Mission  (25 points):


1. Create a web page and save as search.html

2. Make a list of ten search techniques that you would give to your students to help them conduct effective Internet searches.  Be sure to identify the grade level and if applicable (secondary), the subject area.

3. List 5 search tools (search engines, directories, or metacrawlers) that you would recommend for your students.   Give a short description of the distinguishing qualities of each search engine site.  Be sure to identify the following:

Although you may want to take notes during this class, do not begin to build this page until we perform the activities on this web page.

A recommended link for your hotlist!  This excellent site is the primary resource of information on this page.




What is a search engine?

How do search engines work?
What is the difference between a crawler, directory, and hybrid?
What are the part of a crawler-based search engine?
Provide examples for the class to search!


How Search Engines work




What is a metacrawler?

What is an all-in-one search engine?
Provide examples for the class to search!

Metacrawlers and Metasearch Engines



What are the major search engines and directories? List their characteristics.

Major Search Engines and Directories



How can search engines be safely used with children?

What are kid's search engines?
Provide examples for the class to search!


Kid's Search Engines (from



What is the new domain for kids?
Why does it exists?
How does it work?
How much is a domain name?
What are the restrictions if you own a domain name?





What are search engine issues associated with each of the following topics?




Credibility of Resources


What is your opinion of the following scenario?
What steps could have been taken, if any, to prevent this problem?


For Discussion:
Ms. Newcomb gave her 9th graders a homework assignment to look up the most recent earthquake activity using the Internet.  She provided the links to help students find the information.  The next morning, Andre's parents were in the Principal's office because they found pornographic pictures in his room that were printed from the Internet.  Andre's parents did not have a computer in their home and learned that the pictures were discovered while he was doing a "required" Internet assignment at a friend's house.  The parents were upset with Ms. Newcomb's assignment. 





When and how should Search engines be used in the classroom?
Should other sources of information be used?
Make a list of other possible resources for gathering information.

What are search guidelines for teachers?




What are effective search techniques? 



Search Engine Features as


Web Search Tutorial - 13 Advanced Searching Tips Websearch







What are some of the caveats of searching?
Do you agree with the statements in the following article?


The Ten Commandments of Internet Searching


All About


Google Advice for Basic Searching
Summarized from

Put Google on your web site!

Advanced Search Tips from Google

Google's Web Search Features


Google Services and Google Tools


Hershey Workshop

Real Sites

Additional Information


Raymond S. Pastore, Ph.D.
Professor of Education
1148 McCormick Center
Bloomsburg University
Bloomsburg, PA 17815-1301