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Teacherworld.com's Guide to the History of Educational Reform
Created on November 30, 2006

 

History of Educational Reform

 

The 1980's...

First Wave
1983 - A Nations at Risk: The "rising tide of mediocrity"

  • higher graduation requirements
  • standardized curriculum
  • increased teacher and student testing
  • higher certification requirements

Second Wave

  • 1986-Goodlad, Sizer, and Boyer
  • decentralization
  • teacher empowerment
  • site-based management
  • parental involvement
  • "restructuring"
  • use of technology

The 1990's...

  • Clinton: Goals 2000
  • accountability
  • standards
  • inclusion
  • block scheduling
  • school choice
  • charter schools

2000 to present...

Bush: "No Child Left Behind"

By 2005 - 2006...

  • All students in grades 3 to 8 will be tested in reading and math
  • Tests must be aligned with standards
  • Schools must demonstrate "adequate yearly progress"
  • All students must reach the "proficient" level on state assessments by 2014
  • All schools must have highly qualified teachers by 2005-2006
  • Funding did not accompany these mandates
  • States differ in defining "proficient"
  • More support for charter schools
  • Less support for vouchers
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